The government is planning to install floating solar panels at different water bodies in the country as it targets to generate 10 per cent of the total electricity demand from renewable energy sources.
Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA) is taking this initiative under the ministry of power and energy.
SREDA, in association with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), has already selected five separate locations in this regard. The sites are: Kaptai Lake, Mohamaya Lake, Joydia Baor, Bukbahara Baor and Khajura Baor.
Solar projects require huge land while Bangladesh’s main barrier is the land scarcity in setting up solar project.
“Around 20MW of (AC) and 5MW of AC floating solar power plants can be established using maximum coverage of one percent and five percent of Kaptai and Mohamaya lake respectively,” an ADB survey submitted to the SREDA in a recent inter ministerial meeting said.
Establishing MW scale floating solar power plants are also possible in other three water bodies, the report said.
It also presented the grid connectivity, environmental and social findings of the study on the sites. So far in Bangladesh, a single floating solar power plant with a capacity of only 19 kilowatt of electricity has been established at Mongla of Bagerhat district.
SREDA will conduct a environmental and social fields surveys for setting up the floating power plant under ADB funding.
The government has so far reached the electricity generation capacity to 22,787 MW against the maximum demand of 12,893 MW. Of the electricity, a total of 357 MW comes from renewable energy.
Japan was the first country to install a floating solar power plant in 2006 in Chiba by a French firm while China is now the leader in setting up the largest floating solar power plant of 40 MW capacity in Huainan city of its Anhui province.