The current monthly allowances for elderly individuals, widows, and disabled people in Bangladesh, ranging from Tk 550 to Tk 850, are insufficient to meet their basic needs, especially with rising inflation and currency devaluation. Despite increased allocations in the 2023-24 fiscal year budget, the purchasing power of beneficiaries has decreased due to the weakening domestic resource mobilization of the government.
The Social Security Programme, initiated in the 1980s, aims to improve people’s quality of life, but challenges include transparency issues in beneficiary selection, complex regulations, and inadequate allowances. Analysts suggest addressing tax evasion to enhance government spending capacity and increase allocations to social protection programs for more effective support to vulnerable communities.
Additionally, the depreciation of the local currency against the dollar further diminishes the value of the allowances. The Planning Minister acknowledges the limitations of the allowances but emphasizes the government’s efforts to provide assistance, acknowledging room for improvement.