The implementation of cluster-based shrimp farming has generated new optimism among farmers in the coastal regions of Khulna and Bagerhat. This approach has led to increased production and reduced shrimp mortality rates. Around 7,500 shrimp farmers have been included in the Department of Fisheries’ Sustainable Coastal and Marine Fisheries project. The traditional enclosures used for shrimp farming required significant financial investment to adapt them for cluster cultivation, making it difficult for many eager farmers to participate. However, under the Sustainable Coastal and Marine Fisheries Project, 300 clusters have undergone modernization, with each cluster consisting of 25 enclosures.
Cluster farming offers the potential to significantly boost shrimp production if cluster sustainability and project continuity can be ensured. Farmers are being trained on modern shrimp farming techniques, emphasizing enclosure depth, biosecurity, road expansion, virus-free fry stock, and good aquaculture practices. Matching grants are being provided to eligible cluster farmers to cover expenses related to enclosure preparation and equipment purchase. Although some farmers face financial constraints, those who have received grants are optimistic about improved production. The cluster farming approach has demonstrated its potential for increasing shrimp production, promoting employment, and mitigating climate-related risks in coastal areas.